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Hydrology Studies

The hydrologist studies the fundamental transport processes to be able to describe the quantity and quality of water  (evaporation, precipitation, streamflow, groundwater flow, and other components)

Why Us:


Our hydrologists have strong technical knowledge, as well as they are problem-solving, communicative, and leadership and project management skills.  Evaluating the feasibility of hydroelectric power plants, irrigation systems, wastewater treatment facilities, and other water-related projects

Hydrology is the study of water. Hydrologists examine the physical processes involved in the global water cycle, which spans most disciplines in Earth and environmental sciences.

Hydrology is the scientific study of the movement, distribution, and management of water on Earth and other planets, including the water cycle,

Branches of hydrology

Hydrometry –

  •  The measurement of the different components of the hydrologic cycle.

Chemical hydrology

  • The study of the chemical characteristics of water.

Ecohydrology –

  • The study of interactions between organisms and the hydrologic cycle.

Importance of hydrology studies:

Hydrology is an extremely important field of study, dealing with one of the most valuable resources on Earth: water. All aspects of the Earth's available water are studied by experts from many disciplines, from geologists to engineers, to obtain the information needed to manage this vital resource.

Hydrological models are an effective tool for water and basin management. They are meant to represent hydrological processes at the basin level (e.g. precipitation, evapotranspiration, infiltration, and snowmelt) and evaluate conditions for purposes of water resources management and administration.

Hydrologists in ACECO:


  • The hydrologists in ACECO study the fundamental transport processes to be able to describe the quantity and quality of water as it moves through the cycle (evaporation, precipitation, stream flow, infiltration, groundwater flow, and other components).


  • Our dedicated hydrologists and engineers have experience in providing detailed hydrological assessments which are carried out as part of our flood risk and drainage assessments. These use a combination of topographical information, site investigations, hydrological data, flow surveys, rainfall data, geological information and other historic data to determine the extent of catchment areas contributing runoff, and the flows in watercourses and drainage systems.


Hydrologists perform a wide range of duties, including the following:

  • Measuring volume, stream flow and other properties of bodies of water

  • Collecting and testing water and soil samples to test for certain properties, including pH or pollution levels

  • Analyzing data on the environmental impacts of pollution, erosion, drought, and other issues

  • Researching strategies for minimizing the impacts of these issues on the environment

  • Forecasting future water supplies, the spread of pollution, floods, and other events using computer models

  • Evaluating the feasibility of hydroelectric power plants, irrigation systems,  wastewater treatment facilities, and other water-related projects

  • Prepare reports and presentations on their findings.

Water as a vital part of life:

The field of hydrology consists not only of studying the natural distribution and movement of water; it is also concerned with the impact of human activities on water quality and with problems in water management. People use water for many purposes. In their homes, people use water for drinking, cooking, cleaning, and bathing. Many industries have a great need for water. In agriculture, water is used for the irrigation of farmland and for livestock. Water in many dams is used to produce hydroelectric power. The list of human uses for water is virtually endless.

5 most important components of the hydrologic cycle:


Water cycle, also called hydrologic cycle, cycle that involves the continuous circulation of water in the Earth-atmosphere system. Of the many processes involved in the water cycle, the most important are evaporation, transpiration, condensation, precipitation, and runoff.

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